The Program




Entire site © 2010, International Strategic Studies Association.


Note: This program is in development, and is subject to change, expansion, and editing. As well, individual topics and papers are being proposed by participants as the conference planning progresses. See also the Call for Papers note at the foot of this page, by clicking here.

Day One:

08.00: Conference Registration. Continental breakfast.

09.00: Conference Opening and Welcoming Remarks. Pamela von Gruber, ISSA Executive Director.

09.05-09.15: Formal Welcome from Australian Officials

09.30: Opening Address: The Indian Ocean as the World’s Critical Strategic Theater of the 21st Century.
The Indian Ocean strategic theater is now home to a third of the world’s population, and an economic base exceeding $4-trillion in combined GDP. It is also a critical transit zone — the Great Silk Sea Route — for resources and manufactures transiting to and from Asian and European markets. It is also home to great strategic rivalries and conflicts, which have global ramifications. The future of the US and the PRC in the Indian Ocean. The transformation of US presence in the region as a major maritime power? Speaker: Gregory R. Copley, President, ISSA.

10.00-10.30: Morning Tea and Coffee Break

10.30-12.30: Workshops [Delegates choose one of the three]

1A: Conflict & Security
The Indian Ocean as a Zone of Nuclear Powers: India, Pakistan, Iran, Israel

The concept of an Indian Ocean Zone of Peace (IOZOP) has been eclipsed by the widespread adoption of nuclear weapons by Indian Ocean states, and the acquisition – and then retirement – of nuclear weapons by South Africa. The Indian Ocean also hosts nuclear weapons capabilities of external powers. This workshop looks at the great differences in nuclear weapons doctrine of the four nuclear weapons states, and at the prospect for the acquisition of nuclear weapons by other states, and by non-state players.

1B: Energy, Water, Food & Agriculture Needs and Availability in the Indian Ocean Region
Disparate and changing pressures of the energy-food-water matrix; options for growth, and the potential for domestic disruption and inter-state conflict. How urbanization impacts energy, water, food, and agricultural needs and the manpower and infrastructure to deliver appropriate results. How skill-sharing in these interrelated areas can dampen spikes in shortages, and minimize economic and social impact. A look at new approaches to land/water management and productivity.

1C: Socio-Political Issues
Border and Internal Security: Managing Population Movement

Regional and intra-region economic migration and refugee patterns, and the impact on economic growth, political cohesion, and security. Identifying past, present, and anticipated refugee patterns in the region, and what can be done to prevent refugee flows, and how they can be dealt with when they arise. Lessons from the Afghanistan wars, Somalia, the Ethiopia-Eritrea wars, the Sri Lankan civil war, and conflict and natural disaster in Pakistan. How refugee issues shape strategic outcomes.

12.30-14.00: Luncheon. Keynote Address: Communications and Collective Decisionmaking by Indian Ocean States.

14.00-15.00: Plenary Session: Statistically Quantifying the Indian Ocean in Security, Trade, and Strategic Terms.
Two speakers look at resources and how they are dispersed through the Indian Ocean region; industrial and economic growth patterns; agricultural and related food, water, and energy generation issues in statistical terms; the importance of transit trade.

15.00-15.30: Afternoon Tea and Coffee Break

15.30-17.30: Workshops

2A: Conflict & Security
The Growth, and Growing Independence, of Regional Defense and Strategic Capabilities

Transforming defense and security capabilities in the Indian Ocean region following the collapse of the superpower era. A look at defense (and national security R&D) spending, and the transforming threat and security environments which dictate present and anticipated changes. What do the changes mean for regional states in terms of local competition? How do changes impact on out-of-region powers operating in the Indian Ocean?

2B: Energy Security Priority One: Threats to the Grids
Vulnerabilities of electrical, cyber, and communications grids in the Indian Ocean region, and consequences of network failures. Regional cyber warfare capabilities; vulnerabilities to domestic, regional, or out-of-region threats. The consequences of network collapse – electric grid, computer, communications – in various IO states. Utilization of cyber warfare in the region; cyber warfare links to out-of-region powers. Vulnerabilities of net-centric military ops in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The promises and vulnerabilities of smart power grids.

2C: Socio-Political Issues
Cooperation in Disaster Response: the Core of Humanitarian Diplomacy

National and trans-national disaster response in the Indian Ocean Region. An analysis of the effectiveness of multinational response to major natural and man-made disasters in the region since the 2004 tsunami. What protocols are now in place, and what new protocols and structures need to be created? What can be done to improve early warning and intelligence sharing in weather- or seismically-originating events? What infrastructure and systems need to be put in place?

19.30: The Strategy2011 Gala Banquet.


Day Two:

08.00: Continental breakfast.

09.00-09.05: Introductory Remarks. Pamela von Gruber, ISSA Executive Director.

09.15-09.30: Plenary Session: The Role of Regional Organizations: Can ASEAN Become the EU of the Indian Ocean
The evolution and the outlook for sovereign status of nation-states, and the development and impact of regional and sub-regional bodies. Can existing regional bodies cope with the needs of their Indian Ocean sub-regions? Can ASEAN achieve the status of a confederated state in its own right? What are the lessons for other regional bodies, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), SAARC and SADC? Is the UN still an effective body in the region? Is there a need for new multi- national mechanisms? What role for the Commonwealth in the region as Perth prepares to host CHOGM.. Speaker: Gregory R. Copley, President, ISSA.

09.30-10.00: Plenary Session: Informal Security Threats, Secessionist Movements, and Frozen Conflicts in the Indian Ocean Region: The Costs and the Opportunities
By Yossef Bodansky, Research Director, ISSA.

10.00-10.30: Morning Tea and Coffee Break

10.30-12.30: Workshops

3A: Conflict & Security
Defense Industrialization and the Aerospace Industries in the Indian Ocean Region: at the Core of National Technological Stability and Growth?
A number of Indian Ocean states have produced world-leading strategic technologies, and are exporting them. Will the region move, in the next decade, from being a net import region for defense, maritime, and aerospace goods, to net export region? A look at missile, satellite, warship, military vehicle, and ordnance production in the region, and at the size of the marketplace.

3B: Politics, Economics, & Resources
The Impact of Evolving Climate Conditions on the Economic and Political Future of the Region

Constantly evolving climate conditions have driven population movement and economic transformation in the Indian Ocean region for millennia. What mechanisms are available to help coordinate actions by regional states to cope with the latest round of changing weather patterns? What is the likely impact of these changes on economies, population placement, and infrastructure over the coming decades?

3C:Socio-Political Issues
Secessionist and Internal Conflicts in the Region: the Impact on Economic and Social Cohesion

A statistical look at recent events in the Horn of Africa and the African East Coast; in Afghan- istan and South Asia; in Indonesia, and else- where. The impact on national and group identity and the consequences for nation building. The impact of the Kosovo, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Eritrea separations. A look at why Somaliland’s situation differs and is strategically important.

12.30-14.00: Luncheon Keynote Address: TBA

14.00-15.00: Plenary Session: Links Across the Southern Ocean, and the Ignored Strategic Significance of Antarctica
Australia and South Africa control key access routes through the Indian Ocean, and Australia dominates the future of the Antarctic landmass and zone. Trade and relations between Southern Africa and Australia seem set to become more important, and Antarctica seems set to become of global significance as a potential resource region just as the Antarctic Treaty regime is transforming and collapsing. Two speakers.

15.00-15.30: Afternoon Tea and Coffee Break

15.30-17.30: Workshops

4A: Conflict & Security
Intelligence Sharing Among Indian Ocean States: Tactical to Strategic

Building a more comprehensive mutual understanding and cooperation in the region through formal and informal intelligence sharing mechanisms. Consequences for confidence-building and other asset-sharing, such as space-based systems. Scope for cooperation in intelligence training, and in increasing autonomy and professionalism in regional intelligence and security services, including criminal and customs intelligence.

4B: Politics, Economics, & Resources
Space Resources, Capabilities, and Needs in the Indian Ocean Region

Several Indian Ocean states have a long history of engagement in pioneering space research, but today, space-based resources are the key to economic progress — including resource management, communications, and other issues — as well as security. A look at the areas of competition and potential cooperation in the Indian Ocean region. A look at space launch capabilities in the region, and the prospects for cooperation with out-of-region market leaders.

4C:Socio-Political Issues
New Soft Power Projection Capabilities in the Indian Ocean: The Case for Technology and Skill Sharing Through Agricultural Diplomacy

Dampening interstate population movement is heavily dependent on building stable, productive societies throughout the region. This requires, among other things, across the board improvements in food availability, which can be achieved by diplomacy built around providing agricultural skills, new energy technologies, and water useage capabilities.


Day Three:

08.00: Continental breakfast.

09.00-09.05: Housekeeping Remarks. Pamela von Gruber, ISSA Executive Director.

09.05-09.30: Plenary Session: Transnational Crime in the Indian Ocean Region. A look at piracy, resource poaching, terrorism, cyber crime, narco-trafficking, and border violation
Speaker TBA

09.30-10.00: Plenary Session: India as the Next Global Power? Its Outlook, Opportunities, and Responsibilities.
Speaker TBA

10.00-10.30: Morning Tea and Coffee Break

10.30-12.30: Workshops

5A: Conflict & Security
Iranian Strategic Growth and Power Projection: the End of the Great Game, and Options for Out-of-Region Defense Powers in the Indian Ocean Theater

Iran, for a variety of reasons, will emerge as a significant strategic player in the Indian Ocean, as well as the greater Middle East, in the coming decade. A nuclear Iran now exists. Will it dominate the Arabian Peninsula?
The Future for Out-of-Region Defense Power in the Indian Ocean
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, plus piracy, have skewed the military balance in the Indian Ocean. What next? Who can afford major deployments? The rise of surrogate powers.

5B: Politics, Economics, & Resources
Offshore Indian Ocean Resources: the Prospects for Regional Economic Growth. Will the Markets Hold?

Mapping ocean-based mineral and energy resources; fisheries trends, conservation and related sovereignty issues. Developing protocols for resource protection and investment.
The Success and Options of Sub-Regional Economic Blocs
Sub-regional economic zones have had mixed success in the Indian Ocean region. What are the options for ASEAN, SADC, IGAD, SAARC, and other blocs and emerging free trade zones?

5C: Socio-Political Issues
Population Trends: Urbanization and De-Urbanization; Demographics and Pandemics. Where is it all Going?

Some Indian Ocean states are recording the largest population growth statistics in the world; others are in population decline. What will be the impact on population numbers and spreads as new global economic, pandemic, and social/security trends make their mark. What tools are available for population planning, and what are the goals for population sizes, shapes, and welfare in the coming decades?

12.30-14.00: Luncheon

14.00-15.00: Plenary Session: The Global and Regional Impact of the Evolving War in Afghanistan.
Two speakers, including Yossef Bodansky, who has written and lectured extensively on this subject.

15.00-15.30: Afternoon Tea and Coffee Break

15.30-17.30: Workshops

6A: Conflict & Security
Resolving the Power Vacuum and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

Ongoing conflict in the Horn of Africa — from Sudan to the Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute, and the absence of government in Somalia — provides one of the greatest causes for foreign powers to intervene in the Indian Ocean region, and, at the same time deters foreign inward invest- ment. Is it time to recognize the Republic of Somaliland as a key factor in stabilizing the region, and, along with resolving the Eritrea- Ethiopia dispute, securing the Red Sea-Suez.

6B: Politics, Economics, & Resources
Defining the Indian Ocean’s Trading Currency in the New Era. Impact on, and of, Inward and Outward Investment

New realities spell the need for trading currencies which reflect Indian Ocean — African, South and South-East Asian, Middle Eastern, and Australasian — needs and usage. What will be the dominant Indian Ocean currency of the 21st Century? The Indian rupee? New forms of trading currencies? Or an ongoing dependent on Atlantic currencies — the dollar and euro — when Atlantic thinking may no longer dominate?

6C: Socio-Political Issues
The Indian Ocean Region as a Centre for Educational Excellence

One key to harmonized economic growth and stability in the Indian Ocean region will be in maintaining and expanding the area’s cross-fertilization in education. How can standards be harmonized, languages be mutually taught, and research be coordinated to achieve better regional outcomes? What are the educational areas of essential focus for the region in the coming decade?

17.30: Plenary Session: Outcomes: Options for Economic, Political, and Security Cooperation in the Indian Ocean.
A wrap-up of key points made at Strategy2010.

18.30: Formal Farewell Reception


Call For Papers

The Conference has issued a Call for Papers which would fit within the conference framework outlined above. Submissions can be made for papers to be actually delivered at the event, or to be distributed as written or electronic presentations to delegates and, and following, the event.

1. Papers will be accepted solely at the discretion of the Conference Chairman and the Conference Management team, and no correspondence will be entered into following the selection process. Most papers should be for presentation in a timeframe of appr. 20 minutes, and speakers delivering papers at the event should anticipate a similar amount of time for Q&A. Written documents can be of a longer nature, for inclusion in the electronic Proceedings of the event which will be given to each participant. Some presentations may be selected for inclusion in Defense & Foreign Affairs online or print journals.

2. Proposals for presentations should be submitted in summary or outline form, and with an appropriate biographical background of the speaker, by July 1, 2010, at the latest, to the Conference Chairman, Gregory Copley, at email Clearly, as events determine in the region, it is understood that topics and content may need to be updated or amended closer to the presentation date. Ideally, submissions should be in Microsoft Word format.

3. Once a topic and speaker have been approved, papers for physical presentation at the event must be submitted to the Conference Chairman by email by September 30, 2010, in a complete text and (if applicable) electronic (PowerPoint) format.

4. The presenter, if approved, is responsible for finding his or her way to the event, and for all accommodation and other costs associated with attending the event. Speakers will, however, not be required to pay Delegate Fees for participation in the event, and will be permitted access to all areas of the conference and associated social functions, including the various luncheons, dinners, and other events which are part of the Conference.